THE ACADEMIC ESSAY / FORMAL WRITING
Academic essay / January 10, 2018

I. Is written formally: A. Does not use I/me/my/mine, you/your/yours, we/us/our/ours, or related words. B. Consists of complete sentences. C. Uses “educated” diction and avoids slang or dialect. D. Is grammatically correct. II. Has five distinct parts, if using the five-paragraph model: A. Introduction 1. Usually includes the thesis (one sentence that sums up the entire essay). 2. Has a transition between the introduction and first body paragraph. B. Three body paragraphs 1. Each has a topic sentence and specific support. (Think of the topic sentences as “anchoring” each paragraph). 2. Each has a transition between the next paragraph.  C. Conclusion 1. Restates the thesis using different words. 2. Stands out as the part of the essay the reader most remembers. III. Normally uses outside sources in three possible ways: A. Summarizing, or briefly restating the author’s main points (in your own words). B. Paraphrasing, or restating one or a few of the author’s points (in your own words). C. Quoting, or using the author’s own words. 1. Must be set off by quotation marks, or, if long, treated as a block quote 2. Must be exactly as in the original – if you make changes, you must indicate them…